A Comprehensive Guide About Horses- Types, Baby Horse, and Characteristics

Baby Horse : Horses are a wonderful, friendly, and sensitive animal. They are popular because of their strength, might, and good spirit. Horses are a prey animal having great 6th sense, this is why they are considered as an amazing reader of unknown things. They survive by paying attention to the slightest signals around them. When they sense danger, their best defense is to flee from the area. They can reach a high speed when they are galloping, this is why they are called a flight animal.

Moreover, horses are herbivore that consumes grasses, vegetables, herbs, and water. Horses are constantly moving in search of water, minerals, and food. They survive in the wild in a herd, making horses herd animal. They live in a group because of protection, security, survival, and peace.

They don’t use verbal commands to communicate their desires. The horses neigh or whinny, sometimes to let you know what they are about to do. Most of the times, they communicate through their body language. They can sense what you are feeling and absorb it. It was reported that horses can live up to 30 to 40 years of age. This write-up is a guide that discusses everything about horses, their types, babies, and interesting facts.

Here is all you need to know about horses.

Characteristics of a Horse

Horses have the same characteristics as pets and people. They have a developed respiratory system, a high-functioning circulatory system, and a proper nervous system. Horses have some characteristics that are unique from other animals and people. Let’s have a look at the characteristics of horses.


When it comes to metabolism of horses, they have a relaxed metabolism with slow heart rates and respiratory functions. The slower metabolism increases the lifespan of the horses. However, the lifespan of the horses depends on various factors including size, degree of care, and their overall health.


A lot of heat is produced by horses during exercise, and they get rid of heat through evaporative cooling. The issue is that sweat will not normally evaporate in high temperatures. The evaporative cooling process is rendered ineffective in this case. So, exercising during the hot weather must be limited. This is to prevent heat stress that can prove to be dangerous for the health of horses. It can result in dehydration that leads to shock.

Furthermore, horses are huge in size and can conserve the heat throughout the cold weather. Despite this, horses require proper care, water, shelter and routine checkup.


Horses have 5 senses similar to people but to varying extent. There are some senses of horses that are powerful than people whereas some are less developed. They have an acute sense of hearing and smell. Horses have the ability to see forward with one eye and backward with the other eye. This makes them skittish and enables them to outfit with blinders. The senses include:

  • Smell
  • Taste
  • Hearing
  • Sight
  • Touch


Horses have large teeth that are great for grinding the grass. The teeth can be used to determine the age of the horse. The first teeth of the horse are known as nippers, they are grown after 9 months. The permanent teeth of the horse start to grow in the 3rd year. At the end of 6th year, they have a complete set of teeth. The enamel of teeth is worn out over the years. By the 11th year, the enamel is gone entirely.


Everyone knows that horses are vegetarians. They eat grass in summers and in winters they eat hay. Horses are not cud-chewing animals such as cattle, goats, or sheep. They are in need of more grass and the food is digested in the gut known as caecum.

What is the Difference between Colt, Yearling, Foal, And Filly?

Most of the people are not aware of the different names of horses. The various names of the horses depend on whether they are female or male and what their age is. Here are all the names of horses used around the world.

  • Foal- it is the name of a baby horse that is younger than 1 year.
  • Colt- is a male horse that is less than 4 years old.
  • Yearling- a horse that is between the age of 1 to 2 years.
  • Filly- it is a female horse that is younger than 4 years.
  • Stallion- a male horse that is more than 4 years old but is not a gelding.
  • Mare- a female horse that is over 4 years.
  • Gelding- it is a castrated male horse.

Baby Horse Colors

There are different coat colors of baby horses. Some of the most common colors include:


A baby horse has a reddish color without black.


Baby horse features a light reddish-brown or dark brown color with a black mane, lower legs, and tail.


The horse has a tan or yellowish colored coat.


The horse has a black skin with a combination of black and white hairs.


Baby horse with a light golden color.


Horse with a kind of chestnut but has an extremely reddish coat.


A horse with multi-colored patches of brown, black, white or red.


The baby horse that is wholly black.

White Baby Horse

The baby horse that is completely white.

What Do You Call A Baby Horse?

Most of the people consider pony is the name of a baby horse. However, a baby horse is called a foal. The foal is a baby horse who is younger than 1 year.

Baby Horse Name

A male foal is called a colt while a female foal is known as a filly. When a foal nurses and stands, it is referred as suckling. In some parts of western United States, people refer to foal as a colt, no matter what is the gender.

When the baby is of 4 to 6 months, they are separated from their mother. This process is called weaning and the baby is known as a weanling. Weanling is the correct way to refer a baby horse until it turns 1 years old.

Moreover, the baby horse after 1 year is known as a yearling. Sometimes, a yearling after 18 months is called as a long yearling. After the baby horse is 2 years old, they are called by their adult names. Most of the people, refer to them as stallion or mare.

How to Care for a Baby Female Horse?

There are various steps that you should take in order to make sure your place is safe for a baby female horse. Take a look at the simple steps to care for a baby horse.

  • Make sure the facility is safe for the foal. There must be no gaps in between the fences where the baby can get stuck.
  • The stable for the horse must be appropriate that should protect the baby from sun, wind, and rain.
  • Your facility must have plenty of space for the foal to play and run.
  • The fence must be tall enough to prevent foal and mare to jump over.
  • The feeder must be safe and contain no sharp objects.
  • Water must be available 24/7.
  • Provide proper food to mare and foal.

Cute Baby Horses Video on the Internet

There are numerous videos of the cute baby horses running around and playing in the meadow. For many people, watching the videos of cute baby horses is relaxing and comforting. Such videos are viewed around the world and received plenty of likes and comments. In addition to this, there are several videos in which both adults and children are playing with foals. These videos are mostly watched by kids or horse lovers.

Pictures Of Baby Horses for Adding Aesthetics

Horses are mighty and fantastic creatures, making them perfect for bringing a touch of class and beauty to any room. Many artists have been painting baby horses in the open and sell their paintings for a hefty price. Pictures of baby horses have been used by people in their offices and homes for many years. Their pictures are an ideal way to make your room more appealing and beautiful. They can blend in all kinds of décor, making them a great choice for adding sophistication to your house or office. What makes them special is that you can even place it in your kid’s room. The pictures of baby horses can be used as posters as well.

Feeding Baby Horse Foal

Are you wondering when does a baby horse foal start to eat? Mostly, the foal begins to eat with their mothers in the first few weeks after birth. There are some mares who are nasty and won’t allow their baby to eat. However, the baby horse must not be provided too many nutritional supplements.

Moreover, if the milk production of the mare is high, the baby will be slow in starting to eat with the mother. In case the milk production is low or normal, the baby horse will start eating at an early age. It is recommended to let the baby eat whatever it wants. Typically, a foal will consume a hay or grain when they are 1 to 3 weeks old.

When the foal is of nearly 10 to  12 weeks old, their requirement increases. They are in need of more nutrients than that is in the milk of the mare. It is advised to offer them nutrition supplements to cover the difference. Feeding them nutrition in form of creep feed is the best way to compensate for the lack of nutrients. The 100-pound foal must be given half to ¾ quarters pound of a premium quality concentrate.

The creep feeder is designed specifically for the foal to eat the specific diet. This equipment will prevent the mare from having access to the food. After the foal learns to enter the enclosure, they will daily enter for eating. It is crucial to keep the feeder clean and fresh feed must be added every day. The foals that get used to eating from the feeder can easily adjust to the weaning process. This is because they are used to eating without their mother.

According to experts, there must be a check and balance on the feed the foals consume. This is because if the foals consume more feed than required, it can have serious consequences. For instance, overfeeding them can be harmful to the athletic ability of the horses. Moreover, it can cause enterotoxemia or epiphysitis.

Enterotoxemia is a condition that is a result of spreading of clostridial bacteria in the small intestine. As a result, it can lead to colic and death within few hours. So, when feeding foal supplements like minerals and vitamins, you have to be extremely diligent. An excessive consumption of iodine can lead to goiter.

In the pasture, the foals can get the required level of exercise. For this reason, it is the perfect way to raise a foal. In case, you don’t have a meadow, you can keep the mare and foal in the small stall. For their exercise, special arrangements must be made.

Baby Horses For Sale (Is It Legal)?

Yes, is it legal to sell baby horses. Mostly, people prefer to sell them when they are over 18 to 19 months old. There are few people who sell the babies when they are a little older nearly 3 to 5 years old. The sale age of the depends on you.

Baby Horses For Adoption

There are many sites on the internet that enable you to put baby horses for adoption. Baby horses are very cute and adorable, this is one of the reasons why people adopt horses as their pet. If you love horses and want to get a baby horse, you can find numerous sites online. Before adopting a baby horse, you need to make sure you have a proper facility for the foal.

Difference Between a Pony and a Foal

People can ride a pony just like they ride a horse, but people can’t ride foal. In previous times, most of the people used ponies for pulling carts and for transportation purposes. They can be found all around the world and eat plants and alfalfa. Additionally, they can eat apple and carrot as well. A baby pony is also called a foal.

Is a Pony a Baby Horse?

There is a misconception that baby horse is called a pony. Pony is a small horse with short legs, thick manes, coat, and tail. They have a thick neck, heavy bones, and short head with a wide forehead. The word pony was derived from the old French, meaning an immature and young horse. Nonetheless, in modern English, the pony is a small horse that remains small even when they are fully mature.

Moreover, a pony is a horse that measures less than 14.2 hands while horses are taller than 14.2 hands. The term pony can be used for a small horse irrespective of the breed and size. So, no a pony is not a baby horse.

Fascinating Horse Facts Every Horse Lover Needs to Know About

Horses are one of the oldest animals that have accompanied the humans for centuries. Have a look at some of the fun facts about horses.

  • Horses are land mammals with the largest eyes. The eyes are on the side of their head, this enables them to see in 360 degrees.
  • The teeth of horse take more space than their brain.
  • The fastest sprinting speed of a horse was 88kph. Usually, horses gallop around 44kph.
  • Foals can run and walk within few hours after birth.
  • Horses can sleep both when lying down and standing up.
  • Horses communicate their feelings through facial expressions.
  • Male horses have 40 teeth while female horses have 36 teeth.
  • The only true wild breed in the world is Przewalski horse. They are only found in Mongolia.
  • Most of the people believe horses laugh. When it seems they are laughing, they are performing a nose enhancing method called flehmen. This is to assess whether the smell is bad or good.
  • The weight of an adult horse brain is 22 oz.
  • Horses cannot vomit, unlike numerous mammals.
  • In 2003, Italy cloned the first Haflinger mare.
  • Horses like sweet flavors and reject sour or bitter flavors.
  • The tallest horse was Sampson, a Shire horse with a height of 21.2 hands.
  • Horses can produce 10 gallons of saliva per day, approximately.
  • The unit used to measure the height of horses is hands and one hand equals to 4 inches.
  • The first horse is known to live nearly 50 million years ago, it is referred to as Eohippus. It had 4 padded toes on the front legs while 3 padded toes on the rear legs.
  • It is was reported that horses can drink nearly 25 gallons of water in a day.
  • Horses are a social animal, they can get depressed when kept alone. They are capable of mourning the death of a companion.
  • There are total 205 bones in horses.
  • The oldest breed of horses is Arabian, according to experts, they have been around for 4,500 years. They vary in structure as they have broader, deeper, and stronger ribs than other horses.
  • The expected lifespan of horses is 30 to 40 years. The oldest domestic horse died at the age of 62 and the name of the horse was Old Billy.
  • A group of horses will never sleep at the same time, this is because one will look out for other horses.
  • In some countries like France, horse meat is believed to a luxury.
  • In a study, it was found that horses have wonderful memories, even better than an elephant.
  • There are almost 58 million horses in the world.
  • The closest relative of a horse is a rhinoceros.

Horse Breeds

There are more than 300 breeds of horses, they vary in size, skills, and colors. Few of the most common are as follows:

Arabian Horse

One of the top common breeds is the Arabian Horse. It is the oldest breed in the world as they have been used for commuting by Bedouins for centuries. They usually shared their food, water, tent with their horses in harsh weather. In recent times, the Arabian horses are mostly found in the United States. These horses are popular for their stamina and are perfect for long-distance sport. The height of Arabian horses is 14 to 15.3 hands. They are available in following colors:

  • Chestnut
  • Black
  • Roan
  • Bay
  • Grey

Moreover, they have wide and giant eyes on their wide forehead with curved ears. They are well-known for their short backs and arched necks.

Friesian Horse

Another most common breed of horses is Friesian Horse. It is one of the oldest breeds in Europe that was found in the Netherlands. In the 20th century, this breed became extinct as they were crossed breed with other horses in order to create a faster horse for a trotting race. The Friesian horse was used for transportation by the Dutch farmers. This made them famous as the best horses for carriage. The height of Friesian horse is nearly 14.3 to 16 hands. Mostly the horses are black, however, they can vary from bay/black to dark brown or true black. The head of the Friesian horse is expressive and well-made with little ears.

Clydesdale Horse

Clydesdale is another famous breed of horses. This horse breed originated from Scotland and is considered as the youngest heavy breed in the United Kingdom. In the 1700s, the Clydesdale horses were imported around the world. They helped in building the many cities in America, Canada, and Australia. In present times, they are renowned because of the advertisements by Anheuser Busch. They can be of various colors including roan, grey, brown, bay, and black with white markings. They are popular because of their strong and large feet.

Therefore, horses are energetic and playful animals. This information is all that you need to know about horses, their baby, their types, feeding routine and how to care for a foal. Most of the people have seen horses only on a television, this is a shame. The reason for this is that they are a mighty animal that needs all the attention.

Leave a Comment